mercury electron configuration

Mercury is the only metallic element that is a liquid at room temperature. However, its 5d electrons do affect its properties, resulting in a relatively high polarisability. The electron configuration of Hg is Mercury forms two ions; the mercuric ion, Hg++, and the mercurous ion that would be expected to be Hg+, but is [Hg-Hg]++. Mercury metal is a volatile liquid; it has a measurable vapor pressure at room temperature. Use the element blocks of the periodic table to find the highest electron orbital. The density of mercury is 13.6 g.cm-3 at 20°C. Mercury easily forms alloys with other metals, such as gold, silver, zinc and cadmium. Mercury vapor is used in streetlights, fluorescent lamps and advertising signs. Mercury is a very important element on the periodic table. Part of the series: Chemistry Rundown. Electron Configuration Chart for All Elements in the Periodic Table. Mercury metal also found many new applications in electrical devices and electrochemistry. This collection of mercury facts includes atomic data, the electron configuration, chemical and physical properties, and history of the element. What Is the Electron Configuration of Mercury?. I know that Lanthanum and Actinium have an outer orbital of d. Let's say I needed to write the configuration of Mercury. In the periodic table, the elements are listed in order of increasing atomic number Z. Electron configuration of Mercury is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2. Mercury is a liquid metallic element of many useful applications. atomic number 80 atomic weight 200.59 melting point −38.87 °C (−37.97 °F) boiling point 356.9 °C (674 °F) specific gravity 13.5 at 20 °C (68 °F) valence 1, 2 electron configuration 2-8-18-32-18-2 or Electron configuration The arrangements of electrons above the last (closed shell) noble gas. Each element has a unique atomic structure that is influenced by its electronic configuration, which is the distribution of electrons across different orbitals of an atom. If you don’t have a chart, you can still find the electron configuration. I am completely confused about how to write the electron configuration anything higher than Barium because there are so many inconsistencies and misconceptions about the 5d and 4f orbitals. There are 118 elements in the periodic table. Mercury in its (+2) salts does not have lone pairs readily accessible for covalent bonding. Mercury conducts electricity and is used to make silent, position dependent switches. The result is mercury’s electron configuration: 1s 2 2s 2 2p 6 3s 2 3p 6 4s 2 3d 10 4p 6 5s 2 4d 10 5p 6 6s 2 4f 14 5d 10 = Hg = [Xe]6s 2 4f 14 5d 10. with a filled 5d subshell, a 6s 2 4f 14 5d 10 valence shell configuration, and a total of 80 electrons. The long story: Mercury is the last 5d element and has electron configuration $[\ce{Xe}] 4f^{14} 5d^{10} 6s^2$. Mercury can be used to make thermometers, barometers and other scientific instruments. 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